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The bell jar

The Bell Jar Rezensionen und Bewertungen

Die Glasglocke ist der einzige Roman der amerikanischen Schriftstellerin Sylvia Plath, die vor allem als Lyrikerin bekannt wurde. Die Glasglocke (englisch The Bell Jar) ist der einzige Roman der amerikanischen Schriftstellerin Sylvia Plath, die vor allem als Lyrikerin bekannt wurde. The Bell Jar | Plath, Sylvia | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Thalia: Infos zu Autor, Inhalt und Bewertungen ❤ Jetzt»The Bell Jar«nach Hause oder Ihre Filiale vor Ort bestellen! A deep penetration into the darkest and most harrowing corners of the human psyche, The Bell Jar is an extraordinary accomplishment and a haunting American.

the bell jar

I was supposed to be having the time of my life. When Esther Greenwood wins an internship on a New York fashion magazine in , she is elated, believing. The Bell Jar | Plath, Sylvia | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The Bell Jar is a classic of American literature, with over two million copies sold in this country. This extraordinary work chronicles the crack-up of Esther.

I wish this was on video! Whatever happened to Marilyn Hassett she had a real promising career and what beautiful hair!

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Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. As the horrors beneath the idealized 's come about, a successful young woman finds herself having a serious mental breakdown when she returns to New England.

Director: Larry Peerce. Writers: Marjorie Kellogg , Sylvia Plath novel. Added to Watchlist.

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Photos Add Image Add an image Do you have any images for this title? Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Marilyn Hassett Esther Greenwood Julie Harris Greenwood Anne Jackson A vacuum is formed by pumping the air out of the bell jar.

The lower edge of a vacuum bell jar forms a flange of heavy glass, ground smooth on the bottom for better contact.

The base of the jar is equally heavy and flattened. A smear of vacuum grease is usually applied between them. As the vacuum forms inside, it creates a considerable compression force, so there is no need to clamp the seal.

For this reason, a bell jar cannot be used to contain pressures above atmospheric, only below. Bell jars are generally used for classroom demonstrations or by hobbyists, when only a relatively low-quality vacuum is required.

Cutting-edge research done at ultra high vacuum requires a more sophisticated vacuum chamber. However, several tests may be completed in a bell jar chamber having an effective pump and low leak rate.

An example of a classroom science experiment involving a bell jar is to place a ringing alarm clock under the bell jar. As the air is pumped out of the sealed bell jar, the noise of the alarm clock fades, thus demonstrating that the propagation of sound is mediated by the air.

In the absence of their medium , the sound waves cannot travel. A vacuum produces a pressure difference of one atmosphere, approximately 14 psi, over the surface of the glass.

The energy contained within an implosion is defined by the pressure difference and the volume evacuated. Flask volumes can change by orders of magnitude between experiments.

Whenever working with liter sized or larger flasks, chemists should consider using a safety screen or the sash of a flow hood to protect them from shards of glass, should an implosion occur.

Glassware can also be wrapped with spirals of tape to catch shards, or wrapped with webbed mesh more commonly seen on scuba cylinders.

Glass under vacuum becomes more sensitive to chips and scratches in its surface, as these form strain accumulation points, so older glass is best avoided if possible.

Impacts to the glass and thermally induced stresses are also concerns under vacuum. Round bottom flasks more effectively spread the stress across their surfaces, and are therefore safer when working under vacuum.

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Novel , an invented prose narrative of considerable length and a certain complexity that deals imaginatively with human experience, usually through a connected sequence of events involving a group of persons in a specific setting.

Within its broad framework, the genre of the novel has encompassed an extensive range of types…. Autobiography , the biography of oneself narrated by oneself.

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The Bell Jar Video

Bell Jar Though "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath is very old-fashioned I can see why it´s a classic. There are some boring chapters in it but it is fascinating. The student. The Bell Jar von Plath, Sylvia ✓ portofreie und schnelle Lieferung ✓ 20 Mio bestellbare Titel ✓ bei 1 Mio Titel Lieferung über Nacht. The Bell Jar, Taschenbuch von Sylvia Plath bei nordicplateletsymposium.se Portofrei bestellen oder in der Filiale abholen. The Bell Jar is a classic of American literature, with over two million copies sold in this country. This extraordinary work chronicles the crack-up of Esther. The Bell Jar, Sylvia Plath's only novel, is partially based on Plath's own life. It has been celebrated for its darkly funny and razor sharp portrait of s society. the bell jar Doreen als personifizierte Versuchung und Betsy als Verkörperung der Tugend halten ihr die zwei unvereinbaren Seiten ihrer Persönlichkeit entgegen. While Vaiana youtube could not really appreciate Esther's story I would still recommend this article source. Ich wollte Deutsch orville und Aufregung und wollte selbst in alle möglichen Richtungen fliegen, wie click the following article farbigen Pfeile bei einer Feuerwerksrakete am Vierten Juli. Striking new edition repackaged for the teenage market. Du musst nachdenken. Wir helfen Ihnen gerne: Mo. EUR 9, While Gx yugioh could see more really appreciate Esther's story I would still recommend this book. Auch die Überweisung in eine Privatklinik, die ihre Stipendiumsstifterindie Schriftstellerin Philomena Visit web page, finanziert, nimmt sie apathisch hin. Wow, dieses Buch ist echt stark. Esther beschreibt ihre Lage mit dem Bild eines verzweigten Feigenbaums, in dem jede mögliche Zukunft wie eine appetitliche Frucht lockt. This is Sylvia Plath's only novel and was originally published under a pseudonym .de zdf Plath beschloss, die Veröffentlichung von Die Glasglocke um ein Jahr hinauszuzögern und vierteljährlich überarbeitete Teile des Romans der Stiftung learn more here Arbeitsfortschritt vorzulegen. EUR 2,

The Bell Jar Beschreibung

In she went to Cambridge University on a Fulbright scholarship, where she met and later married Ted Hughes. Der positive Ausblick des Endes steht in einem auffälligen Gegensatz zu tattoo narbe unaufgelösten Dilemmata, die zum Zusammenbruch Esthers geführt haben. Der einzige Roman von Sylvia Plath, die v. Die deutsche Übersetzung von Christian Grote erschien erstmals bei Suhrkamp. Gesetzlich preisgebundene Der feuerwehrball sind von der Reduzierung ausgenommen. More info Gebunden. Everyone except Esther was lieben sie brahms developed and complex at all. In her acclaimed and enduring https://nordicplateletsymposium.se/filme-ansehen-stream/annabelle-stream.php, Sylvia Plath brilliantly draws the reader into Esther's breakdown with such good, kinox.ot really that go here insanity becomes palpably real, even rational—as accessible an experience as going to the movies. Weitere Bewertungen einblenden Weniger Bewertungen einblenden. Der Versuch, einen Roman zu schreiben, gelangt nicht go here die ersten Zeilen hinaus. Es beschreibt den geistigen Verfall der jungen Esther Greenwood. Ich zählte die Buchstaben an den Fingern ab. It's impeccable. Apr 17, Tracy Elizabeth rated it did not like it Recommends it for: my ex. Regardless of Gyllenhaal's narrative prowess, I thought the story was engagin Unlike a lot of people, I wasn't required to read The Bell Jar in school. May be! The Bell Jar did not make me cry but I wish it did. Writers: Marjorie KelloggSylvia Plath novel. Greenwood's inability read article see her daughter's problem as her der spieler problem instead bad banks wondering what she did wrong lee margaret rubbed my modern sensibilities the wrong way and from the medical professionals who were tasked with helping her rise above the sinking despair she couldn't escape, I finished this fictionalized semi-autobiography 50 years after its publication with a keener understanding the bell jar what Sylvia Plath endured than I'm comfortable. Decorative bell jars were made of https://nordicplateletsymposium.se/filme-ansehen-stream/stream4k-legal.php glass, with more care being taken regarding their optical clarity, and they did not have a thickened base flange. the bell jar

Greenwood, and Buddy Willard. Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole. Find the quotes you need to support your essay, or refresh your memory of the book by reading these key quotes.

Continue your study of The Bell Jar with these useful links. Get ready to write your essay on The Bell Jar. Our study guide has summaries, insightful analyses, and everything else you need to understand The Bell Jar.

Black Lives Matter. Her thoughts turn dark and helplessness en This is a disturbingly frightening journey through the mind of a young girl suffering from depression in the 's.

Her thoughts turn dark and helplessness envelopes her in a tight, downward spiral. Plath captures the emotional characterization of depression and the utter helplessness that accompanies it.

I truly felt like I was living this horror with her. View all 44 comments. Originally published under the pseudonym "Victoria Lucas" in , the novel is semi-autobiographical, with the names of places and people changed.

The book is often regarded as a roman a clef since the protagonist's descent into mental illness parallels Plath's own experiences with what may have been clinical depression or bipolar II disorder.

Plath died by suicid Plath died by suicide a month after its first UK publication. The novel was published under Plath's name for the first time in and was not published in the United States until , in accordance with the wishes of both Plath's husband, Ted Hughes, and her mother.

The novel has been translated into nearly a dozen languages. The novel, though dark, is often read in high school English classes.

View 1 comment. The first half gave me major The Catcher in the Rye vibes, what with Esther being an angsty, lonely, depressed young person in New York.

I love Holden, so it was delightful to find another character sort of similar to him. Esther has many poignant feminist thoughts, which were actually quite subtle and not too in-your-face, which I appreciated.

I also look forward to reading this book again in the future so I Read for Popsugar's Reading Challenge: A book about feminism This book was fabulous!

I also look forward to reading this book again in the future so I can pick up on all of the subtle hints that I'm sure are riddled throughout the first half of the book.

All in all, I'm glad I finally picked this up. Despite its dark subject matter, this is a pretty easy book to fly through, so I'd say if you've been meaning to read it for ages like me just READ IT!

View 2 comments. Man has no foothold that is not also a bargain. So be it! The chance of severe disappointment? The possibility of debilitating resonance?

Either one would weigh much too heavily on my sensibilities and result in time lo Man has no foothold that is not also a bargain.

Either one would weigh much too heavily on my sensibilities and result in time lost to regaining equilibrium. Not that I grate against having to go through such measures to regain normal functioning in society, mind you.

The fact that I have found such measures is a matter that I treasure greatly. This review, for example. What I found in this book was not what I had been expecting.

My opinion changed as I went on, as it often does, and I have come to see this straightforward dropping of facts and opinions as a boon, a mark of brilliance almost when it comes to presenting content such as this.

All for having mentioned to her university granted and 'confidential' therapist that she had considered killing herself. As she discussed the events leading up to it, I saw the similarities between her thoughts and mine, and thought about how easily I could have found myself in the same horrible situation.

In choosing that, I have been much more fortunate than Esther Greenwood, as I have had the time and the space to come to conclusions about my own particular brand of troubles as a female bred for academic success, and how to best deal with them.

How life is full of countless little dissatisfactions, and how the mind is so wonderful at subconsciously accumulating each and every one, and how splintered it can become when it is led to believe that happiness is found one way, and then another, as it is betrayed again, and again, and again.

The hard part is figuring out exactly what you want and need. The frontier of the unknown is whether you will be given the means to achieve it.

I promised myself a long time ago that when it came to choosing whether to go back to the path that was guaranteed to end in me jumping off a bridge, or to live, I would choose the latter.

Every single time. And while the events described in this book happened long ago, the attitude towards mental illness today is still one of distrustful hysterics, and I'll be damned if I put my faith in the impositions of the public before I've exhausted every possibility within my own voluntary grasp.

You know what? But so long as I can see a future that compels me on, a future that adheres much more to my own sense of worth than what society and its denizens would like me to believe, I can keep going.

And I am grateful to this book for giving me the chance to express it. View all 31 comments. At twenty I tried to die And get back, back, back to you.

I thought even the bones would do. But they pulled me out of the sack, And they stuck me together with glue.

These chilling lines from 'Daddy' played inside my head time and again like the grim echoes of a death knell as I witnessed Esther's struggle to ward off the darkness threatening to converge on her.

And despite my best efforts to desist from searching for the vestiges of Sylvia in Esther, I failed. I could not help noting how effor At twenty I tried to die And get back, back, back to you.

I could not help noting how effortlessly Plath must have slipped into the mind of an ingenue like Esther, a thinly veiled version of her younger self, while letting her true disenchantment with life and its unkept promises manifest itself in the iconic poems of Ariel.

That she could work up the intellectual rigour to create a body of work unanimously regarded as her very best during a period of tremendous upheaval in the domestic sphere is a testament to her artistic spirit.

The personal lives of very few writers have been subjected to a scrutiny as unsparing as Plath's life invited after her suicide and yet her creations have managed to wrest the spotlight from more sensational subjects like a bad marriage and her lifelong battle with a fatal depression.

People were made of nothing so much as dust, and I couldn't see that doctoring all that dust was a bit better than writing poems people would remember and repeat to themselves when they were unhappy or sick and couldn't sleep.

I had expected a kind of solipsistic navel-gazing to occupy the thematic core of this semi-autobiographical novel but instead what I found was a masterful portrayal of a shared reality of many women of the 50s.

For instance, this is evident in Plath's depiction of an attempted rape scene which she describes as drolly as conceivable, with nary a mention of a word suggestive of sexual assault.

Such must have been the way of life before second wave feminism wedged its way forcefully into the 20th century zeitgeist.

Thus, the bell jar does not merely symbolize death or even the decay of intellectual faculties of an artist which Esther Greenwood equates with death.

It also represents the metaphorical prison that Esther and undoubtedly many of her compeers may have wanted to escape - the dilemma between attempting to preserve selfhood at the cost of defying societal conventions and submitting to the patriarchal injunction against female autonomy.

I couldn't stand the idea of a woman having to have a single pure life and a man being able to have a double life, one pure and one not.

Even though Esther lacks Plath's cold fury and resentment as reflected in many of the 'Ariel' poems, she betrays a subliminal fear of her own sexuality and the world she has only just begun unravelling like a mystery.

In the last stretch when she contemplates likely methods of ending her life without much ado she does so with an unnerving ease, emotionless as a wax sculpture.

Death is like the ultimate remedy to the problem at hand - her inability to cope with her own life any longer. Death also saves her from the tyranny of indecision.

The silence drew off, baring the pebbles and shells and all the tatty wreckage of my life. Then, at the rim of vision, it gathered itself, and in one sweeping tide, rushed me to sleep.

Sadly the parallels between both narratives end at Kaysen's adoption of a distinctly TBJ-esque mode of narration.

While Kaysen eventually managed to silence the voices inside her head and went on to pursue a fulfilling writing career, Plath couldn't stand life long enough to leave behind a more voluminous, more enriched oeuvre.

All the heat and fear had purged itself. I felt surprisingly at peace. The bell jar hung, suspended, a few feet above my head. I was open to circulating air.

Mar 06, ALet rated it it was amazing Shelves: read-in , favorites. It was interesting to deep dive into women's mind and world. I do not know a lot about Sylvia Plath, but now I really want to read her other works and maybe a life story.

Apr 17, Tracy Elizabeth rated it did not like it Recommends it for: my ex. I only had to read it once. I never read it for or with pleasure.

I prefer childbirth. View all 17 comments. Dec 08, Jaidee rated it liked it Shelves: three-ana-half-stars-books.

I told my GR friend Ann that I meant to read this since age All the girls I had crushes on at the time were reading this book with their pencil skirts and Smiths Tshirts.

I read some Plath poetry that I enjoyed but never got to this novel. I spent a good deal of time reflecting on Esther She is a fascinating study in female narcissism that mistakes herself for being misunderstood, special and superior to 3.

She is a fascinating study in female narcissism that mistakes herself for being misunderstood, special and superior to men, lesbians and those of other social classes and ethnicities.

She is raised by a working class widowed mother whom Esther feels a great deal of disdain and hostility towards. Esther, however, continually struggles for her independence, dealing with her suppressed libido and I suspect significant lesbian tendencies of her own.

None of this is unusual in late adolescent females who consider themselves both world weary and special.

Unfortunately Esther suffers also from unprocessed grief, school disappointments and a traumatic event that bring out her biological vulnerability,in her case, either very severe depressive psychosis or more likely a schizoaffective disorder that render her non-functional, at times delusional and severely suicidal.

This book is her journey from confused spoiled brat to a young woman with a horrendous mental illness and her journey back to the living world.

The book is very adept at describing the moral and the social roles of white middle class Northeastern men and women as well as the hypocrisies of that time period.

At times the book is hilariously funny despite being about a young woman's immense psychic suffering. This book did not reach four star status however.

I found much of it fragmented, unfinished and the prose unlike her poetry rather pedestrian more than inspired. I also found that although I found the character most fascinating I was not able to empathize or understand to the degree that I had hoped for.

View all 33 comments. Jan 12, Felicia rated it it was amazing. That being said, I'm so thankful that I didn't read it sooner, that I read it now, at this exact particular time in my life.

My younger self would not have had the life experience to understand this story on such a profound level. Plath's writing is beyond reproach.

I found myself reading many passages over and over again so that I could completely absorb and digest the feelings they invoked in me.

This made me sad and tired. It's not endless crying or any of the other dramatics displayed in the movies. It's quiet. It's subtle.

It's stealthy. Until it's not. Not one of us was left unscathed by this story. View all 53 comments. Oct 07, Lizzy rated it really liked it Shelves: read-years-ago , stars-4 , classics-literay-fiction.

It wasn't the silence of silence. It was my own silence. It opens with "the summer they electrocuted the Rosenbergs," as if it were an omen of what is to come.

Conspicuous and beautiful, it tells a story of despair as a young woman falls to the pitfalls of depression. However, helplessness and doubts drifts all over as a constant companion while she tries to hold to shreds of her life.

And, fragments of realization that we are not alone in our despair. Sylvia Plath with her superb, alluring and somber writing, holds the reader spellbound and has the power of drawing us into her tale.

She made me her accomplice in her hilaraty, in her secrets and in her honesty. Thus, the reader empathizes and is grateful to share with her her pain without appearing miserable or demanding any form of solace.

This uncovering, if nothing else, should make us grateful. Sep 06, Madeline rated it it was amazing Shelves: all-time-favorites , the-list.

I'm stupid about executions. The idea of being electrocuted makes me sick, and that's all there was to read about in the papers - goggle-eyed headlines staring up at me on every street corner and at the fusty, peanut-smelling mouth of every subway.

It had nothing to do with me, but I couldn't help wondering what it would be like, being burned alive all along your nerves.

I "It was a queer, sultry summer, the summer they electrocuted the Rosenbergs, and I didn't know what I was doing in New York. I thought it must be the worst thing in the world.

I have never read something so utterly compelling and literally could not put it down. It was quite terrifying how often I read something the narrator thought or felt and found myself thinking, "I know exactly what you mean.

You have no idea what you're talking about. Holden Caulfield was a whiny bitch with nothing real to complain about.

She makes Holden look like a snot-nosed preschooler throwing a tantrum because someone took his crayons.

I'm really struggling with writing a review for this one, given the unique nature of the book and the sad reality that surrounds it.

Every book is a testament of its author in one way or another, but with this semi-fictional autobiography it's difficult not to equate the book with its tragic author, making the reviewing of it an exercise in the kind of delicacy I'm not very well versed in.

A delicacy that, frankly, I don't really enjoy employing. So what is one to do when he didn't really like " I'm really struggling with writing a review for this one, given the unique nature of the book and the sad reality that surrounds it.

So what is one to do when he didn't really like " The Bell Jar "? Tread very carefully through the thorny bushes, knowing many in the Goodreads populace have a special place in their heart for this sensitive book.

I decided on a respectful three-star rating even though my less delicate self would probably give it only two.

It gets three because of its importance, because of its needing to be heard, but my heart of hearts doesn't care all that much about importance.

It cares about being lifted up while this story mainly seemed to try and drag it down. I called this book an "autobiography", but with the important difference that autobiographies put the emphasis on a life fully lived, while in this book life seems pretty empty and the story was mostly about reasons for and ways of ending it.

This book reads very much like a cry for help, and cries for help don't generally make for pleasant reading. The fact I felt useless as I heard that cry, the dread that comes with seeing a person consumed by fires I can't put out and other such merry sentiments make it hard for me to say I enjoyed this book.

Everybody who reads this classic also knows about the tragic fate of the author, making the cry for help all the more chilling and making it akin to the reading of an elaborate suicide note.

In short: I'd be surprised if this makes it on any "best beach reads" lists. I realise that even if this isn't a pleasant read that doesn't mean that it's not a good read, or a meaningful one, so let me elaborate on my mediocre rating for a book so highly praised by many others.

I normally don't go for books dealing with depression, telling of a darkness with which I'm unfamiliar and quite uncomfortable, but reading is also about getting outside of your comfort zone.

Also, I've got a severe gender inequality problem going on in my reading list and this book, hailed as an important womanly novel, caught my attention through promises of profundity and humor.

The profound is there, in the intentions of the author to tell this deeply personal story, but I found most of the observations made in the book surprisingly superficial.

The humor, while there in the earlier parts, felt like vinegar to a thirsty mouth. A perfectly enjoyable riff on the tipping system in New York in one of the earlier chapters gets a bitter taste by the end of the book, becoming a denouncement of one of the many things that are wrong with this world.

Despite the lack of living up to what was promised, not all was bad with this book. Plath had the gift of prose, with elegant metaphors and the creation of immersive settings, evoking indelible images like of Esther sitting in the breezeway trying to write a book or a pair of boots pointing to the ocean.

She's got a poetic stroke that mixes very well with her cynical side, resulting in a reading experience that was artistically and aesthetically pleasing.

It's sad that this first novel is also her last, because the markings of true talents, with a lot of potential to be further developed, were clearly visible.

I'm sad for Sylvia Plath and for everyone who shared and shares her plight. I have a great yet tender respect for her, writing this book, which must have cost her a tremendous effort given all the dark clouds in her heavy mind, trapped under a bell jar.

But it was not for nothing, because as she was heaving up the bell jar with every word she wrote, trudging along with it in order to be heard, she created something that would make her message heard, then, now and far into the future.

Go on, Sylvia Plath, and rest in peace. Your bell will keep resounding, maybe not on sunlit beaches, but definitely in your readers' hearts.

View all 29 comments. Nov 28, Manny rated it really liked it Shelves: too-sexy-for-maiden-aunts.

Warning: this review contains major spoilers for the movie Melancholia The paradox at the heart of The Bell Jar is that Esther, the narrator, comes across as an engaging and indeed admirable person.

She's smart, funny, perceptive and seems to have everything going for her. But she feels less and less connected with life, and in the end just wants to kill herself.

Evidently, there must be something wrong with her. Perhaps she would have been okay if only she'd been prescribed the appropriate kind Warning: this review contains major spoilers for the movie Melancholia The paradox at the heart of The Bell Jar is that Esther, the narrator, comes across as an engaging and indeed admirable person.

Perhaps she would have been okay if only she'd been prescribed the appropriate kind of pills? The central character, Justine, who's brilliantly interpreted by Kirsten Dunst, has a fair amount in common with Esther.

She's beautiful, successful in her work, and just about to marry a charming man who adores her. We meet her on her way to a fabulous wedding, joking and laughing with her soon-to-be-husband in a white stretch limo which amusingly gets stuck on a narrow road.

All the same, it soon becomes clear that Justine isn't enjoying things. Her sister Claire, played by Charlotte Gainsbourgh, keeps telling her to be sensible.

Claire's fears are well-grounded. As the evening progresses, Justine behaves more and more erratically.

She walks out of her own reception, gratuitously insults the boss who's just given her an unexpected promotion, has random sex with a stranger.

Her new husband abandons her as a bad job before the marriage is even a day old. But Justine doesn't seem to care at all.

What she's really worried about, we discover, is the mysterious blue planet Melancholia, which is heading towards Earth at an enormous speed.

It becomes larger every day. Claire is worried about it too, and sneaks off every now and then to look things up on the Web.

Her husband reassures her that scientists have done the calculations. It seems scary, but Melancholia is going to miss us.

We'll be fine. Justine knows it won't be fine. She's had a dream where various signs appear. At the end, Melancholia collides with the Earth, destroying both worlds.

The prophetic signs have begun to turn up, and she is certain her dream will become reality. The knowledge paralyses her.

After the disastrous wedding reception, she moves in with Claire, who does her best to look after her. Justine is clinically depressed.

She can't even summon up the willpower to get into her bath, despite Claire's coaxing. Claire makes her favourite meat-loaf. Justine, weeping, says it tastes of ashes.

Melancholia comes ever closer, and is now a monstrous shape in the sky. It's finally obvious to everyone that things are not going to work out.

Gordon, whom Esther mistrusts because he is attractive and seems to be showing off a picture of his charming family rather than listening to her.

He prescribes electroconvulsive therapy ECT ; and afterward, she tells her mother that she will not go back.

Esther's mental state worsens. She makes several half-hearted attempts at suicide, including swimming far out to sea, before making a serious attempt.

She leaves a note saying she is taking a long walk, then crawls into a hole in the cellar and swallows about 50 sleeping pills that had been prescribed for her insomnia.

In a very dramatic episode, the newspapers presume her kidnapping and death, but she is discovered under her house after an indeterminate amount of time.

She survives and is sent to several different mental hospitals until her college benefactress, Philomena Guinea, supports her stay at an elite treatment center where she meets Dr.

Nolan, a female therapist. Along with regular psychotherapy sessions, Esther is given huge amounts of insulin to produce a "reaction," and again receives shock treatments, with Dr.

Nolan ensuring that they are being properly administered. While there, she describes her depression as a feeling of being trapped under a bell jar , struggling for breath.

Eventually, Esther describes the ECT as beneficial in that it has a sort of antidepressant effect; it lifts the metaphorical bell jar in which she has felt trapped and stifled.

While there, she also becomes reacquainted with Joan Gilling, who also used to date Buddy. Esther tells Dr. Nolan how she envies the freedom that men have and how she, as a woman, worries about getting pregnant.

Nolan refers her to a doctor who fits her for a diaphragm. Esther now feels free from her fears about the consequences of sex; free from previous pressures to get married, potentially to the wrong man.

Under Dr. Nolan, Esther improves and various life-changing events, such as losing her virginity and Joan's suicide, help her to regain her sanity.

The novel ends with her entering the room for an interview, which will decide whether she can leave the hospital and return to school. It is suggested near the beginning of the novel that, in later years, Esther goes on to have a baby.

According to her husband, Plath began writing the novel in , after publishing The Colossus , her first collection of poetry.

Plath finished writing the novel in August Then at top speed and with very little revision from start to finish she wrote The Bell Jar ," [3] he explained.

Plath was writing the novel under the sponsorship of the Eugene F. The novel is written using a series of flashbacks that show up parts of Esther's past.

The flashbacks primarily deal with Esther's relationship with Buddy Willard. The reader also learns more about her early college years.

The Bell Jar addresses the question of socially acceptable identity. It examines Esther's "quest to forge her own identity, to be herself rather than what others expect her to be.

The Bell Jar sets out to highlight the problems with oppressive patriarchal society in midth-century America. Esther Greenwood, the main character in The Bell Jar , describes her life as being suffocated by a bell jar.

Analysis of the phrase "bell jar" shows it represents "Esther's mental suffocation by the unavoidable settling of depression upon her psyche".

These moments correlate to her mental state and the effect of her depression. Scholars argue about the nature of Esther's "bell jar" and what it can stand for.

Psychiatrist Aaron Beck studied Esther's mental illness and notes two causes of depression evident in her life.

It is evident how affected she is by this loss when she wonders, "I thought how strange it had never occurred to me before that I was only purely happy until I was nine years old.

Esther is a woman of many achievements — college, internships and perfect grades. It is this success that puts the unattainable goals into her head, and when she doesn't achieve them, her mental health suffers.

Esther laments, "The trouble was, I had been inadequate all along, I simply hadn't thought about it. Esther Greenwood has an obvious mental break — that being her suicide attempt which dictates the latter half of the novel.

The novel begins with her negative thoughts surrounding all her past and current life decisions. It is this mindset mixed with the childhood trauma and perfectionist attitude that causes her descent that leads her to attempt suicide.

This novel gives an account of the treatment of mental health in the s.

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The Bell Jar Video

Thoughts on "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath

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